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  Balanophora dioica
 
  Family: BALANOPHORACEAE
  Citation:  Balanophora dioica R.Br. in Wall., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13:227.1831; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 237. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1263(885). 1925; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 42. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious annual roots parasites. Rootstock tuberous, lobed, 4-6 cm in diameter. Leaves absent, Stem glabrous, fleshy, yellowish-white, unbranched, 10-15 cm long, stout, covered with laxly imbricated scaly leaves. Male flowers densely crowded in an ovoid or club shaped head or inflorescence at the top of stem. Head 5-7 cm long. Flowers unisexual, small. Perianth up to 0.7 cm long, trilobed, tube of the perianth sunk in cavities of the head. Staminal column short, anthers bursting by curved slit.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-April
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: Yes
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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