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  Bacopa monnieri
 
  Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
  Citation:  Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 98: 94. 1946; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 193. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 280. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 255. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 278. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 511. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 322. 1990; Joseph, Aquatic Angiosp. Malabar 211. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 325. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 319. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 220. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 355. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 491. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 577. 2009. Lysimachia monnieri L., Cent. Pl. 2: 9. 1756. Gratiola monnieri (L.) L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 851.1759. Moniera cuneifolia Michx., Fl. Bor. Amer. 2: 22. 1803, "Monniera"; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 953(669). 1923. Herpestis monnieria (L.) Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 366. 1818; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 272. 1884.
  Malayalam Name(s): Bhrammi, Neerbrahmi
  Tamil name(s): Andri, Brahmi
  English name(s): Bacopa, Thyme leaved gratiola
  Description: Aquatic or amphibious, prostrate, semi-succulent herbs; stem creeping, branches ascending. Leaves 1-1.5 x 0.4-0.6 cm, ovate-oblong or spathulate, rounded at apex, base narrowed, punctate above, thick, sessile. Flowers solitary, axillary; pedicels to 2.5 cm long; bracteoles 2, up to 3 mm long. Calyx-lobes 5, unequal; outer calyx lobe c. 5 x 4 mm, ovate, others slightly smaller. Corolla bluish-white, c. 8 mm long, broadly campanulate, faintly 2-lipped; lobes 5, subequal. Stamens 4, didynamous. Ovary oblong-globose; style slightly deflexed. Capsule 3-4 x 1.5-2 mm, ovoid or oblong, enclosed in calyx; seeds c. 0.5 mm long, oblong, reticulate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: In the plains and mangrove forests
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: Yes
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Chinnar, Ranni, Kumbla, Anaikatty, Veli, Kasaragod, Thottappally
   
 
   
 
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