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  Baccaurea courtallensis
  Citation:  Baccaurea courtallensis (Wight) Muell.-Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15: 459. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 367. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1310(916). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 260. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 358. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 333. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 409. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 421. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 407. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 339. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 393. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 281. 1997; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 527. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 606. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 365. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 282. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 599. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 437. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 313. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 722. 2009. Pierardia courtallensis Wight, Ic. t. 1912. 1852. Baccaurea sapida Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 280. 1872.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mootikaya, Mootilpazham, Mootippuli, Mootilthoori
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees to 15 m high; bole uneven with tubercles; bark greyish-yellow,; branchlets terete, rough. Leaves simple, alternate, often clustered towards the tip of branchlets, 5.5-30 x 1.5-8.5 cm, oblanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, base acute, attenuate or cuneate, margin entire, membranous to chartaceous, scattered white furfuraceous above and beneath, often scattered puberulous on midrib beneath; stipules 3-5 mm long, lateral, lanceolate, cauducous; petiole 10-60 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrescent or puberulous; lateral nerves 4-7 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual, dark crimson, in densely clustered slender racemes on mature stem. Male flowers: bracts lanceolate, linear-lanceolate or triangular, free, conduplicate, encircling the base of lateral branches; tepals 4-5, 1.5-2 x 1 mm, linear, oblong, elliptic, suborbicular or oblanceolate, glabrous or sparsely puberulous; stamens 4-8, free; anthers basifixed; pistillode clavate. Female flowers: bracts 1-1.5 mm long, lanceolate; tepals 4-5, 2.5-3 x 0.6-1.5 mm, linear, oblong or oblong-elliptic, sparsely puberulous to glabrous, ciliate; ovary superior, 2.5 x 2-3 mm, ovoid or subglobose, 3-locular, ovules 2 in each cell, 3-angled, tomentose; stigmas 3, flabellate. Fruit a capsule, 1.5-3 x 1.5-2.5 cm, subglobose, ovoid, ellipsoid or obovoid, 3 locular, thick walled, often with 6 longitudinal ribs, pink-red when ripe, brown when dry, often verrucose, pubescent, dehiscent; seeds 3, oblong, aril white.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Ernakulam
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1200
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhachal, Rosemala, Arjunankotta, Uppupara, Kottayali, Arippa, Nilakkal, Chandanathode, Nedumpoyil, Marapalam-Pothundy, Mukkali forests, Vattapara-Siruvani forests, Konnakadu, Thalichola, Parappar, Thenmalai, Choodal forests, Kulathupuzha,
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