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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Axonopus compressus
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 12: 154. 1812; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 460. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 449. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 527. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 445. 1989; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 216. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 527. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 376. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 512. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 338. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 385. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 805. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 563. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 820. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 952. 2009. Milium compressum Sw., Prodr. 24. 1788.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaalappullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Carpet Grass, Broad-leaved carpetgrass, Buffalo Grass
  Description: Perennial herbs; culms 10-100 cm long, creeping or stoloniferous, rooting at nodes; nodes bearded. Leaves 2-5 x 0.3-1.5 cm, oblong to linear-lanceolate, base rounded or shallowly cordate, margins ciliate, apex acute; sheaths keeled; ligules membranous, fimbriate. Racemes 2-6, binate, digitate or alternate on stalk, 2-10 cm long; rhachis trigonous. Spikelets 2-2.5 x 0.5-1 mm, oblong-elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, sessile or shortly pedicelled, green or purplish. Lower glume absent; upper glume 2-2.5 x 1 mm, ovate or elliptic-lanceolate, 5-7-nerved; first lemma 2-2.5 x 1 mm, ovate, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, membranous, 5-nerved, epaleate; second lemma 1.5-2 x 1 mm, ovate-oblong, crustaceous, faintly 3-5-nerved, bearded at apex; palea 1.5-2 x 1 mm, oblong, margins infolded. Floret bisexual: stamens 3; anthers c. 0.5 mm long. Ovary 0.5 mm, oblong; styles 0.5 mm; stigmas white.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, waste lands and paddy fields
  Distribution: Tropics and subtropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-900
  Localities: Rosemala, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Ponnabalamedu, Thellikkal, Moozhiar, Nedumpoyil, Panathur, Taliparamba, Munnar, Kottayam town, Nilamel, Sulthan Bathery, Pallana, Pallanthuruthy, R. Block, Thrikkunnapuzha, Kuttamangalam, Poopally, Chemungi
   
 
   
 
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