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  Asystasia gangetica ssp. gangetica
  Citation:  Asystasia gangetica (L.) Anders. in Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 235. 1860, ssp. gangetica; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 493. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1063(744). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 221. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 300. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 275. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 332. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 571. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 344. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 269. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 293. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 230. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 226. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 376. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 534. 2009. Justicia gangetica L., Cent. Pl. 2: 3. 1756. Asystasia gangetica (L.) Anders. var. mendeliana Kundu & Paul, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21:486.1997.
  Malayalam Name(s): Upputhali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Chinese violet, Creeping Foxglove
  Description: Procumbent, perennial herbs, 30-80 cm long; stem branched, quandrangualr, scandent, densely adpressed puberulent; internode 3.5-10.5 cm long. Leaves opposite decussate, 3.5-5.5 x 2.5-4.5 cm, ovate deltoid, sub-cordate to cordate at base, acute or rarely obtuse at apex, entire, adpressed puberulent above, pale and tomentose beneath; lateral veins 6- 8 pairs; petiole 1-2 cm long, densely adpressed puberulent. Inflorescence 7-8 flowered lax spike like raceme; rachis 5-14 cm long; bracts and bracteoles c. 1.5 cm long, green, linear, acute, pubescent, persistent. Calyx divided to the base or nearly so, lobes 5, linear-lanceolate, 6-.8 mm long, acute, densely pubescent on both surface. Corolla tube funnel- shaped, 3-3.2 cm long, pubescent, limb 3.5-4 cm across, moderate yellow or white, lobes 5, rounded. Stamens 4, didynamous, included, filaments 6-8 mm long, with few small hairs, connate at the base in pairs; anthers oblong, 2-3 mm long, muticous. Ovary c. 2 cm long, pubescent, 2 celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style linear, 1.5-1.8 cm long, basal portion hairy; stigma 2-fid or subcapitate. Capsule clavate shaped, 2.7-3 x 0.3-0.4 cm, densely pubescent, opening widely in a reflexed curve; seeds 4, 3-4 mm across, compressed angular, orbicular, wrinkled sub-tuberculate, rugose with double dentate margin.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Degraded forest areas, also in the plains
  Distribution: Peninsular India, Sri Lanka, Arabia and Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chengamperu, Chinnar, Koruthode, Thekkady, Nelluyampathy forests, Plains and Hills, Cannanore, Pappinisseri, Taliparamba, Thaliyar, Walayar, Ponmudi, Kasaragod, Alappuzha beach, Kadakarapally, Pooyamkutty, Ariankavu
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