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  Arundinella mesophylla
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Arundinella mesophylla Nees ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glum. 1: 115. 1854; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 69. 1896; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1801(1246). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 346. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 448. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 348. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 565. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 337. 1991; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 436. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 504. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 511. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 338. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 384. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 563. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 950. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tufted perennials, culms 30-70 cm high; nodes glabrous. Leaves 4-8 x 0.4-0.6 cm, ovate-lanceolate, rounded at base; sheath rounded, glabrous, ciliate along margins; ligule a row of hairs. Panicle 3-10 cm long, branches 5- 10, racemiform; axis, rachis and glumes covered with bulbous based hairs. Spikelets 4-5 mm long, densely packed; glumes similar, 4-5 mm long; lower 3-nerved; upper 5-nerved; first lemma 3 x 1 mm, lanceolate, acute, reddish brown; palea smaller, hyaline; second lemma 2 x 1 mm, subcoriaceous, with seta on either sides of the awn; awn 5-6 mm long; anther 1.5 mm long.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kasaragode, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands and road cuttings
  Distribution: South India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: South India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ponmudi, Alampetty, Chengamperu, Kumarikulam, Vengoli, Keerapady, Pandaravarai, Moozhiar, Taliparamba, Bela, Mugu Road, Paramba, Devicolam, Peermade, Munnar, Ayyappankovil, Dhoni R. F., Ayyappankovil-Nelliyampathi Ghat, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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