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  Arundinella cannanorica
  Citation:  Arundinella cannanorica V.J. Nair, Sreek. & N.C. Nair, Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 80: 396. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 447. 1985; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 333. 1991.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual herbs, culms 20-50 cm tall, erect, slender; nodes glabrous. Leaves 2-5 cm long and 2-5 mm broad, mostly basal, lanceolate, base rounded or shallowly cordate, glabrous or covered with sparse tubercle-based hairs, especially along the margins; sheaths 1-8 cm, lower ones shorter and upper ones much longer than the internodes, striate, glabrous or ciliate along one margin; ligule a row of hairs. Panicles 10-40 cm long, lax, willowy; branches 1-12 cm long, ascending, alternate or rarely whorled, slender, filiform, angular, bearded at the nodes with long silky hairs, purple; rhachis flexuous, angular and scaberulous; pedicels 2-15 mm long, slender, angular, scaberous. Spikelets 5-6 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate, turgid, pale-green or purple, glabrous. Lower glume 3.5-4.5x 1-1.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, strongly 3-nerved, purple, glabrous; upper glume 5-5.5 x 1.25-1.5 mm, ovate-lanceolate, caudate or long-acuminate, strongly 5-nerved, glabrous. Lower floret male; lemma 2.75-3 x 1-1.5 mm, and glabrous; palea 1-2.5 x 0.5-0.75 mm, elliptic-lanceolate, 2-keeled and auriculate at base, 2-nerved, hyaline, glabrous; stamens 3; anthers 1-1.5 mm long, filaments short. Upper floret bisexual; callus bearded, hairs 0.25-0.5 mm long; lemma 1.75-2 x 0.5-0.75 mm, ovate or elliptic, tip with a geniculate awn, dorsally covered with numerous wart-like outgrowths, chest-nut brown when fully matured, awn 8-10 mm long, geniculate, column c. 4 mm long, chestnut brown; palea 1.25-1.5 x 0.4-0.5 mm, oblong, acute, 2-nerved, with a few wart like outgrowths on the dorsal surface; lodicules 2, each c. 0.3 x 0.25 mm, obovate, denticulate at apex; stamens 3, anther 1-2 mm long, violet, filaments short; ovary c. 0.25 x 0.15 mm, ovate, glabrous; styles c. 0.5 mm long, stigmas c. 1 mm long, pink, feathery.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Kasaragode, Kannur
  Habitat: Rocky areas in grasslands
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Periya, Paramba, Bela, Beemanadi
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