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  Arthraxon villosus
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Arthraxon villosus C.E.C. Fisch., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1933: 350. 1933 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1728(1198). 1934; V.J. Nair et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3:270.1982; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 43. 1991. Arthraxon lanceolatus (Roxb.) Hochst. var. villosus (C.E.C. Fisch.) van Welzen, Blumea 27:288. 1981.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals. Culms 5-40 cm long, creeping; nodes bearded. Leaves ovate, acute, 0.5-3 x 0.2-0.8 cm, rounded at base, densely villous, margins ciliate. Sheaths villous with tubercled hairs. Ligules ovate, membranous, fimbriate. Racemes 2-3 in 1-4 cm long. Joints c. 3 mm long, densely villous. Sessile spikelets lanceolate, c. 6 x 1 mm, densely villous. Lower glume lanceolate, 5-6 mm long, subcoriaceous, densely villous, keeled and echinulate along the margins. Upper glume boat-shaped, 4-5 x 1-1.5 mm, chartaceous, margins hyaline. Lower floret empty. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma oblong-lanceolate, 2-2.5 x 0.5 mm, delicate, hyaline, glabrous. Second lemma deeply notched, 3-3.5 x 1 mm, awned, delicate, hyaline. Awn 12-15 mm long, column 5-6 mm. Stamens 3, anthers c. 1 mm long. Ovary oblong, c. 0.5 mm; styles c. 1 mm; stigmas c. 1 mm, feathery. Pedicelled spikelets lanceolate c. 4 x 1 mm, usually empty. Pedicels linear-clavate, 2 mm long, densely villous. Lower glume elliptic-lanceolate, 3.5-4 x 1.25 mm, chartaceous, 7-nerved, scabrid towards apex. Upper glume ovate-lanceolate, 3-4 x 1.5 mm, chartaceous, 3-nerved.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Munnar
   
 
   
 
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