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  Aristida setacea
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Aristida setacea Retz., Obs. Bot. 4: 22. 1786; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 225. 1896; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1809(1252). 1934; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 459. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 446. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 526. 1988; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 328. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 525. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 431. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 376. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 801. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 561. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 819. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 947. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennials. Culms 50-120 cm high, erect, tufted; nodes glabrous. Leaves 10-34 x 0.2-0.5 cm, linear or linear-lanceolate, base rounded, apex acuminate, convolute, glaucous; sheaths to 8 cm long; ligules fimbriate membranes. Panicles 15-35 cm long, contracted, branches erect. Spikelets 1-1.8 cm long, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate. Lower glume 7-10 x 0.5-1 mm, lanceolate, aristate, 1-nerved; arista 2-4 mm long. Upper glume 8-12 x 0.5-1 mm, lanceolate, keeled, aristate, 1-nerved; arista 2-4 mm long. Lemma 8-12 x 1 mm, linear, convolute, 3-awned; awns 1-3 cm long. Palea small, hyaline. Stamens 3; anthers c. 3 mm long, yellow. Ovary to 2 mm long, linear; stigmas 3-4 mm long, pink.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and grasslands, also in the plains
  Distribution: Sri Lanka, India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Kattalappara, Kodumon, Adoor, Tellicherry, Mambaram, Nileswar, Kottur R.F., Sreekaryam, Kakkodi, Pokkunnamala, Kasaragod, Pallana, Thrikkunnapuzha, Thenmalai, Pandavanpara, Kurisumala
   
 
   
 
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