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  Argostemma courtallense
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Argostemma courtallense Arn., Ann. Nat. Hist. 3: 22. 1839; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 42. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 590(417). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 139. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 205. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 187. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 129. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 211. 1988; Sivar., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 462. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 227. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 220. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 166. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 12. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 216. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 145. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 313. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 168. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 146. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 307. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 412. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect herbs with a tuberous root stock. Leaves simple, opposite, 8 cm across, few, orbicular, cordate at base, villous above; petiole 0-2 cm; stipule 8 mm long, ovate, entire. Cymes terminal, 1-3 cm across; peduncle 3-6 cm long, 1-3 together. Flowers few, 10 mm long, pedicelled. Calyx tube turbinate, lobes 4, ovate. Corolla tube broad, glabrous; lobes 4, ovate, white. Stamens 4, included, anthers lanceolate. Ovary 2-celled; ovules many; style slender, stigma terminal, globose.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-September
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Kattalappara, Koruthode, Orukomban, Walayar, Nelluyampathy forests, Chembotti, Aruvanpara, Nedumpoyil, Taliparamba, Dhoni R. F., Mukkali forests, on way to Bramore estate, Punnapuzha, Thenmalai, Karamanayar region, Koviltherimala
   
 
   
 
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