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  Argemone mexicana
 
  Family: PAPAVERACEAE
  Citation:  Argemone mexicana L., Sp. Pl. 508. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 117. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 35(25). 1915; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 54. 1990; Debnath & M.P. Nayar in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 2. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 8. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 51. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 16. 1999; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 207. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 111. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Bhramadanthi, Erumakalli, Kandankathiri, Malayeruma, Ponnummam, Ponnumattu, Swarnasheeri, Virumenchedi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mexican Poppy, Prickly poppy, Yellow mexican poppy
  Description: Erect herbs, to 70 cm, spiny, sap yellow. Leaves alternate, 12-30 x 4-10 cm, dissected, semi-amplexicaule, membranous, margins spiny, midrib thick. Flowers terminal, solitary, 4.5 cm across, yellow; sepals 2-3; petals 4-6; stamens many; ovary 1 celled, ovules many, stigma 5- lobed. Capsule 4 x 2 cm, oblong, spiny, dehiscing apically downwards; seeds rugose.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Idukki, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kollam, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Weed of fallow fields
  Distribution: Originally from West Indies; now naturalised in the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Champakkad, Anaikatty, Kathalakandy, Mampad, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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