Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Archidendron clypearia
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Archidendron clypearia (Jack) Nielson, Adansonia 19: 15. 1979; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 60. 1992; Gangop. & Chakrab., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 17: 686. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 127. 1998. Inga clypearia Jack, Malayan Misc, 2: 78. 1822. Pithecellobium subcoriaceum Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 100. 1895; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 305. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 434(308). 1919; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 239. 2002. Archidendron clypearia ( Jack ) Nielsen ssp. subcoriaceum ( Thwa. ) Nielsen, Opera Bot. 76: 57. 1984 (1985). Pithecellobium anamalayanum Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 189. 1872. Abarema subcoriacea (Thw.) Kosterm., Bull. Natuur. ord. Indonesia 20: 41. 1954; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 49. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mazhavaka, Pulivaka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Unarmed trees, to 12 m high; young parts rusty tomentose. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipules; rachis 5-16 cm long, slender, tomentose, pulvinate; glands at the base on upperside; pinnae 3-12 pairs, opposite, 2.3-6.5 cm, slender, pubescent, gland one half way between each pair of pinnae; leaflets 14-50, sessile, opposite, stipels absent; glands in between each pair of leaflets; lamina 0.6-1 x 0.1 x 0.3-0.4 cm, oblong or oblong-trapezoid, base oblique, apex obtusely acute, mucronate; margin entire, recurved, glabrous above, villous beneath, coriaceous; midrib more or less central, often ascending diagonally, lateral nerves obscure. Flowers bisexual, greenish-white, arranged in 6 flowered globular spike, in terminal panicles 2.5 cm across; calyx campanulate, 1.2 ×1-1.5 mm, golden pubescent, 5 toothed; corolla funnel shaped, 4-7 mm, golden pubescent; lobes ovate to oblong; stamens many, monadelphous at base, 7-10 mm long, exserted; ovary stipitate, pubescent, 1-celled, ovules many; style filiform; stigma minute Fruit a pod, 7-11 cm long, hispid, curved in to circle, orange within, dorsal suture coriaceous; sees 4-12, 5 mm across, black, compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1400-
  Localities: Vellimala, Devicolam, Pongalapara
Kerala News Online