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  Arachis hypogaea
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Arachis hypogaea L., Sp. Pl. 741. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nilakkadala, Kappalandi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Groundnut, Peanut, Monkeynut
  Description: Diffuse herb; branchlets glabrescent. Leaves even-pinnate, to 12 x 6 cm; petiole to 6 cm; stipules to 4 cm, linear-lanceolate, acute; leaflets 4, opposite, elliptic, to 5 x 3 cm, subsessile, base cuneate, apex obtuse, mucronate, glabrescent. Flower axillary, solitary, 1.5 cm wide. Calyx 5-lobed; upper 4 connate, lower one free. Petals yellow with red nerves, clawed; standard orbicular, 1.5 cm wide; wings obovate, 1 x 0.5 cm, auricled; keels oblong, 1 x 0.4 cm, beak curved. Stamens 8, monadelphous; sheath 5 mm, 4 basifixed elongate anthers alternating with 4 versatile shorter ones. Ovary subsessile; style elongate, incurved; stigma minute. Pod sausage-shaped, 1-3-seeded, constricted between seeds, but not divided into segments, indehiscent, geocarpic; seeds ovoid or oblong.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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