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  Apollonias arnottii
  Citation:  Apollonias arnottii Nees, Syst. Laurin. 670. 1836; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 121. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1219(854). 1925; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 234. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 392. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 31. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 265. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 583. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 564. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 695. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chenthanam, Chulunthu, Karamavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 12 m high; young shoots glabrescent. Leaves simple, scattered near the end of branchlets or alternate spiral, estipulate; petiole 5-18 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 5-16 x 1.4-4 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or narrowly lanceolate, base attenuate or acute, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, pubescent on both sides when young, glabrous on ageing, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-13 pairs, pinnate, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, yellowish, small, 3-4 mm long, in axillary or subterminal racemose panicles of 2.5-5 cm long; peduncle and the pedicels slender; bracts and bracteoles minute; perianth tube short; lobes 6, subequal, in 2 rows; stamens 9 perfect, those of the first and second rows introrse, opposite the perianth lobes, those of the third row opposite the first and extrorse with a pair of stalked glands at the base; ovary half inferior, sessile, 1-celled; ovule 1, pendulous; style curved; stigma depressed capitate. Fruit a drupe, 10-12 mm long, ovoid, pale green, seated on enlarged perianth lobes.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Wayanad, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Kollam
  Habitat: Shola and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1400
  Localities: Kallar, Mananthavady, Damsite, Chandanathode, Nadugani ghats, Attayar, Chemungi
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