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GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
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  Apluda mutica
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Apluda mutica L., Sp. Pl. 82. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1750(1212). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 344. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 458. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 444. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 346. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 525. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 912. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 32. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 524. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 455. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 14,40. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 502. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 375. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 82. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 803. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 508. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 336. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 383. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 800. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 560. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 817. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 944. 2009. Apluda mutica var. aristata (L.) Hack. ex Backer, Handb., Fl. Java 2: 54. 1928. Apluda varia Hack. ssp. aristata (L.) Hack. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 6: 196. 1889; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 151. 1896; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 563. 1990. Apluda aristata L., Amoen. Acad. 4: 303. 1759; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1950(1212). 1934. Apluda varia Hack. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 6: 196. 1889; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 150. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual or perennial herbs. Culms 40-140 cm high; nodes glabrous. Leaves 5-22 x 0.4-1 cm, elliptic-lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, base attenuate, apex setaceous; sheath to 7 cm long; ligule membranous. Inflorescence a false interrupted panicle, 5-40 cm long; racemes solitary from a peduncled, glabrous, pinkish spatheole. Spikelets 3-per raceme, 1 sessile, 2 pedicelled. Sessile spikelets 3-7 mm long, awned; lower male, upper bisexual; lower glume 3-7 x 1-2 mm, lanceolate, shortly bifid, margins narrowly winged in the upper half; upper glume 3-6 x 1-2 mm, boat-shaped, beaked, keeled. First lemma 2-4.5 x 0.5-1 mm, oblong-lanceolate, faintly 3-5-nerved. Palea equal to lemma, 2-keeled, 2-nerved. Stamens 3, anthers c. 1.5 mm long. Second lemma as long as the sessile spikelet, notched, 3-nerved; awn 5-12 mm long, glabrous. Palea 1-2 cx 0.5-1 mm, ovate, 2-keeled, hyaline. Stamens 3; anthers 2-3 mm long, cream in colour with violet margins. Ovary 0.5-1 mm, oblong; style c. 1.5 mm; stigmas 1.5-2.5 mm, pink, feathery. Sterile pedicelled spikelet 3-7 x 0.5-2 mm, lanceolate, shortly bifid, flat. Pedicelled spikelet 3-6 x 1-1.5 mm, oblong-lanceolate; pedicel 2-5 mm long, flat. Lower glume 3-6 x 1-1.5 mm, lanceolate, chartaceous. Upper glume equal in size and texture, ovate-lanceolate. Florets more or less similar to those of sessile spikelet; upper lemma entire, unawned.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests and waste places
  Distribution: Tropical Asia and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-800
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Alampetty, Thannikkudy, Vengoli, Thumbermozhi, Valiyaparathode, Aruvanpara, Ranni, Begur, Aralam, Ezhimala, Taliparamba, Umayamala, Pullupara, Mundakkayam, Kariavattom, Sreekaryam, Klamala R.F., Neyyar, Kovalam
   
 
   
 
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