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  Aphanamixis polystachya
  Citation:  Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) Parker, Indian For. 57: 486. 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 63. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 109. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 95. 1985; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 59. 1995; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 100. 1989; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 48. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 110. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 109. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 24,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 94. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 59. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 131. 1997; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 477. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 58. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 61. 1999; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 57. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 56. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 150. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 116. 2005; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 646. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 166. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 208. 2009. Aglaia polystachya Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 429. 1824. Andersonia rohituka Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 213. 1832. Amoora rohituka (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. in Wight, Cat 24. 1833 & Prodr. 119. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 559. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 181(130). 1915. Amoora beddomei Kosterm., Acta Bot. Neerl. 31: 133. 1982; Kamble & Sharma, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 5: 493.1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chemmaram, Karakil
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Rohituka tree
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m high, bark reddish-brown mottled with green; branchlets sericeous. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, crowded at the end of branchlets, estipulate; leaflets 7-15, opposite, 4.5-25 x 2.5-6.5 cm, lowest pair smaller, ovate-oblong or oblanceolate, acute, apex acute or acuminate, base oblique, margin entire, undulate, coriaceous, glabrous above and glabrescent beneath; rachis 12-44.6 cm long, stout, pubescent, swollen at base, grooved above till the lowest leaf pairs, lateral nerves 7-13 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamodioecious, white; panicles to 70 cm long, axillary, drooping; pedicel 2-6 mm long; sepals 5, orbicular, thick; petals 3, white, orbicular; staminal tube 4 mm long, globose; anthers 6, oblong, included; ovary superior, ovoid, pubescent, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; stigma 3-lobed, subsessile. Fruit a capsule 2.5-3.5 x 3 cm, 3-lobed, glabrous yellow or purplish; seeds 2 or 3, oblong, with a scarlet aril.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests, also in sacred groves
  Distribution: India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1500
  Localities: Sholayar, Vellanimala, Rosemala, Olikkudy, Kokkara, Vellimala, Lakshmipara, Kanthalppara, Pandaravarai, Pothundy, Campshed area, Nilakkal, Taliparamba, Peermade, Ayyappankovil, Mamoode Mablakayam road, Aroor, Nadugani ghats, Thalichola, Ettapadappu, Atta
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