Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Annona squamosa
  Citation:  Annona squamosa L., Sp. Pl. 537. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 78. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 20(14). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 27. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 61. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 57. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 5. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 49. 1990; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 207. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 44. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 34. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 45. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 49. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 137. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 73. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 103. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aathi, Aatha, Aathachakka, Amruthakkai, Seethappazham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Sugar apple, Custard apple, Sweet sop, Sweetsop-Anon, Araticum
  Description: Trees, to 6 m high, brownish or brownish-black; branchlets seriaceous, glabrous when mature. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 6-20 mm long, stout, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 5-17 x 2-7 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, base acute, obtuse, cuneate, or round, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, axillary, solitary or a few together, leaf-opposed; pedicels 1-3 cm long, glabrous; sepals 3, 2-3 x 3-4 mm, broadly ovate, shortly acuminate, pubescent outside; petals 6 [3+3], outer 3 petals, 1.5-3 x. 3-0.5 cm, linear-oblong, keeled inside, thick, greenish-white or yellow, reddish at base inside, pubescent outside, inner three petals usually missing or rudimentary, ovate, ca. 1 mm long; stamens many, ca. 1 mm long, anther thecae narrow, with ovoid top of connectives; carpels many, superior, ca. 1 mm long, subconnate, ovoid, pubescent, 1-ovuled, style oblong, stigma entire. Fruit an aggregate of berry, 8-10 cm across, ovoid, greenish, glabrous, tuberculate with rounded tips, glaucous, pulp white; seeds many, black, shiny.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated and almost naturalised
  Distribution: Native of Central America and West Indies
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kayamkulam
Kerala News Online