Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Anisomeles malabarica
  Citation:  Anisomeles malabarica (L.) R. Br. ex Sims., Bot. Mag. 46: t. 2071. 1819; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1140(797). 1924; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 673. 1885; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 362. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 373. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 289. 1995; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 649. 2009. Nepeta malabarica L., Mant. Pl. 2: 566. 1771.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karimthumba, Karithumba
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Malabar catmint
  Description: Perennial, semi-shrubby herb; stem to about 2 m high, much branched from base, subquadrangular, thickened below to 1.8 cm in diam., densely lanate. Leaves ovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, 3.6-16 x 1.3-7 cm, narrowed and rounded at base, acute, crenate-serrate, slightly bullate and velvety lanate above, densely so beneath; petioles 0.7-3.5 cm long, stout, lanate. Racemes to 34.5 cm long; verticils close, dense; peduncles densely lanate. Floral leaves 8-10 mm long, densely lanate. Bracts linear, to 5 mm long. Calyx to 9 mm long; tube to 5 mm long, lanate without, glabrous within; lobes lanceolate, to 4 mm long, acuminate. Corolla 1.4-2 cm long; tube to 9 mm long, white, glabrous without; throat pilose towards base of lower lip; Upper lip oblong, 4-6 mm long, obtuse at apex, slightly arched, whitish; lower lip to 1 cm across, coral pink, with 2 white streaks towards base, pilulose without with gland-tipped hairs, the lateral lobes shallowly rounded, the median one larger, broadly orbicular, 2-fid. Style glabrous; branches linear, unequal. Nutlets ovoid, 2.5 x 1.5 mm, trigonous, glabrous, blackish-brown and shining.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Kannur, Kollam, Wayanad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Elangad, Malampuzha canal bund, Ariankavu
Kerala News Online