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  Anisochilus suffruticosus
  Citation:  Anisochilus suffruticosus Wight, Ic. t. 1437. 1849; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 628. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1127(789). 1924; Biju in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 154. 1999; Suddee & Paton, Kew Bull. 64: 246. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect stout undershrub, up to 1 m tall; stems woody, branched, round- quadrangular or quadrangular, glabrescent to rusty densely tomentose with prominent broad circular leaf scars. Leaves opposite decussate, congested at the end of branches, ovate-lanceolate, 20-40 x 7-15 mm, apex acute, base obtuse or cuneate, margin entire or obscurely crenulate, thick, brownish tomentose above, densely brownish-yellow velvety-tomentose and deeply reticulate between veins beneath, lateral veins 5-7, stout and raised beneath; petiole short and stout, up to 10 mm long, tomentose. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, simple or branched, often congested at the end of branches; spike-like head narrow cylindric, up to 70 mm long and 6 mm wide; peduncles long and slender, 50-70 mm long, rusty pubescent; bracts minute, early caducous. Calyx ovoid, ca 1 mm long at anthesis, pubescent; fruiting calyx 2.5-3 mm long; posterior lip shortly oblong, truncate, rounded or obscurely 3- toothed at apex, slightly deflexed after anthesis but not concealing throat, pubescent; anterior lip truncate or obscurely 2-lobed, membranous and adpressed on tube; tube ventrally saccate around the middle, slightly constricted at throat, pubescent. Corolla white to pale purple, 5-6 mm long, pubescent; tube tubular, deflexed from above the base. Nutlets dark brown, ovoid or ellipsoid, 0.7-0.8 x 0.5-0.6 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad
  Habitat: Among grasses in rocky cliffs
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sispara
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