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  Andrographis echioides
  Citation:  Andrographis echioides (L.) Nees in Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 117. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 505. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1051(736). 1924; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 341. 1990. Justicia echioides L., Sp. Pl. 16. 1753. Neesiella echioides (L.) Sreem., Phyt. 15: 271. 1967. Indoneesiella echioides (L.) Sreem., Phytologia 16: 466. 1968; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 215. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 304. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 303. 1989; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 380. 2005; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 348. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 504. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 508. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 540. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Gopuramthangi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect herbs, 10-50 cm high. Whole plant villous. Leaves opposite decussate, 3-5 x 0.6-1.8 cm, elliptic oblong, obtuse to round at apex, attenuate at base. Inflorescence axillary, short unilateral racemes, simple or 1-2 branched, as long as or shorter than leaves. Calyx deeply 5-lobed; lobes 0.8-1 cm long, linear. Corolla tube 0.8-1 cm long, white, 2-lipped; lip with violet blotches; upper lip 2-lobed, 0.6-0.8 cm long, lower c. 0.8 cm long, 3-lobed. Stamens 2; filaments broad, hairy at base; anthers 2-celled. Style slender; stigma 2-fid. Capsules 0.8-1.2 cm long, 0.25-0.3 cm wide, compressed, broadened towards tip, attenuate at base, sparsely hairy towards tip. Seeds 0.15-0.2 cm across, black, pitted without; retinacula spiny.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-July
  District(s): Kannur, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Ernakulam
  Habitat: Wastelands in the plains
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-700
  Localities: Tiruvalla, Walayar, Vandanam, Vazhikadavu, Kappukadu
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