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  Andrographis atropurpurea
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Andrographis atropurpurea (Dennst.) Alston, Taxon 26: 539. 1977; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 299. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 297. 1989; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 267. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 489. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 291. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 374. 2005. Justicia atropurpurea Dennst., Schluss. Hort. Malab. 35. 1818. Andrographis wightiana Anders. ex Nees in DC., Prodr. 11: 517. 1847; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 503. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1048(734). 1924; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 343. 1994.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Suberect undershrubs; stems hairy. Leaves to 10 x 4 cm, ovate, acuminate, broadest at base, glabrous; nerves 4 or 5 pairs, subprominent; petiole 0-5 mm long. Panicle with long lax racemes, scabrid; bracts and bracteoles subulate. Flowers distant; calyx lobes 5 mm long, subulate, hairy; corolla 18 mm long, glabrous, upper lip orbicular, retuse, dark brown, lower lip shallowly lobed, light pink with brown spots; lower anther bases bearded. Capsule 22 x 3 mm, oblong, glandular hairy; seeds 8, orbicular, glabrous.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-September
  District(s): Kottayam, Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Thrissur, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Openings in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Purple, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ennakkapally, Plapally, Pooyamkutty, Punchakolli, Nedumkayam, Thenmalai
   
 
   
 
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