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  Ampelocissus latifolia
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb.) Planch., Vigne Aner. Europe 8: 374. 1884 & in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 370. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 230(165). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 68. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 103. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 102. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 106. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 129. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 122. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 149. 1997; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 256. 2000; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 739. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 231. 2009. Vitis latifolia Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 661. 1820; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 652. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chembravalli, Karantavalli, Valiyapirappitikha
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Jungle angoor, Jungle grave vine
  Description: Scandent shrub; branches striate, nearly glabrous, hollow. Leaves simple, often 5-gonal, sometimes 3-5 lobed, usually deeply cordate at base, serrate at margin, acute to acuminate at apex, 10-25 x 10-24 cm, glabrous; nerves prominent beneath; petioles 5-15 cm long, deeply grooved in upper half. Inflorescences pyramidal-thyrsoid; primary branch 1.5-5 cm long; thyrses 3-7 cm long; peduncles 5-10 cm long; tendrils branched, 10-15 cm long. Flowers reddish brown; pedicels ca 1 mm long, puberulous. Calyx saucer-like, entire and glabrous. Petals oblong, ca 1.5 x 0.8 mm, glabrous. Disc enclosing about half of ovary, 5-grooved. Berries globose,7-9 mm, black when ripe, 2-4 seeded. Seeds elliptic-oblong in outline, 6-7 x 4-5 mm, with a longitudinal, broad ridge and a groove on either side on adaxial surface and an oblong-elliptic chalazal knot and prominent fissures radiating towards margin on abaxixl surface.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-June
  District(s): Kottayam, Kasaragode, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Near streams in evergreen forests
  Distribution: South Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kannoth, Ezhimala, Mukkali forests, Walayar, Nadugani ghats
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