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  Ampelocissus indica
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Ampelocissus indica (L.) Planch., Vigne Amer. Eur. 8: 375. 1884; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 19. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 111. 1996; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 254. 2000; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 53. 2000; B.V. Shetty & P. Singh in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 738. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 176. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 231. 2009. Vitis indica L., Sp. Pl. 202. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 653. 1875. Ampelocissus arnottiana Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 379. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 231(165). 1918; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 68. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 118. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 119. 1994.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chemparavalli, Semparavalli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandent shrubs; branches striate, ferruginous-wooly. Leaves simple ,alternate, broadly ovate, sometimes angled, acuminate at apex, cordate at base, dentate-serrate at margin with teeth hardened at tip, coriaceous, glabrescent above, ferruginous-hairy beneath; petioles 2-8 cm long. Inflorescences dense racemes of umbels; primary branch ca 1 cm long; racemes 3-5 x ca 1 cm; peduncles to 5 cm long; tendrils simple, ca 10 cm long. Flowers reddish brown; pedicels ca 2 mm long. Calyx saucer-like, entire, glabrous. Petals oblong-ovate, ca 2 mm long, glabrous. Disc elongate, covering most of ovary, 5-furrowed. Berries globose; seeds suborbicular in outline, mucronate at base, ca 7 x 5.5 mm, with a longitudinal ridge and a broad groove on either side on adaxial surface and an elliptic chalazal knot and very fine fissures radiating towards margin on abaxial surface.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-September
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 650-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Vandanam
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