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  Ampelocissus araneosa
  Family: VITACEAE
  Citation:  Ampelocissus araneosa (Dalz.) Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 376. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 230(165). 1918; Shetty & P. Singh in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 249. 2000; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 49. 2000. Cissus araneosus Dalz. in Dalz. & Gibson, Bombay Fl. 41. 1861. Vitis araneosus (Dalz.) Lawson in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 657. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Slender, far climbing shrubs; branches slender, floccose-woolly. Leaves 3-foliolate, sometimes merely lobed, glabrescent above, brownish-tomentose beneath; petioles 2-5 cm long; terminal leaflets elliptic-ovate, 9-13 x 3-7.5 cm, acute-mucronate at apex, attenuate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, crenate-serrate at margins; petiolules 1-3 cm long; lateral leaflets semicordate, 7-11 x 5.5-8 cm; oblique, margins and apex as in terminal leaflets; petiolules 0.5-1 cm long. Inflorescence compact, umbellate cymes, tomentose; peduncles 3-8 cm long; tendrils branched; primary branch of inflorescence 1-2 cm long; cymes ca 2 cm long, broader than long. Flowers ca 2 mm long, red; pedicels ca 1 mm long. Calyx saucer-shaped, 5-lobed, membranous, puberulous. Petals oblong, ca 2 mm long, incurved at apex, glabrous. Stamens ca 1.2 mm long; anthers globose. Disc short, encircling only the base of ovary. Ovary conical, ca 1 mm across, 10-ribbed, puberulous; stigma concave. Berries ca 8 x 4 mm, 1-4-seeded. Seeds ellipsoid to obovoid, ca 7 x 4 mm; adaxial surface with a longitudinal ridge; abaxial surface with an elliptic or circular pit in the centre from which prominent fissures radiate towards margin.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-August
  District(s): Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1500
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