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  Amomum muricatum
 
  Family: ZINGIBERACEAE
  Citation:  Amomum muricatum Bedd., Madras J. Lit. Sci. ser. 3, 1: 59. 1864; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1487(1039). 1928; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 376. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 310. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 466. 1988; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 146. 1991; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 458. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 335. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 704. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 446. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 341. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 707. 2002; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 88. 2006; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 860. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs; leafy stem 1.5-3 m high, densely clumped, erect, straight. Leaves 30 x 7 cm, elliptic-oblong, acuminate, sessile, glabrous; ligule 3 mm long, truncate. Spikes 2-5-together, 14-15 cm long, shortly peduncled; floral bracts 3.5 x 1.5 cm, obovate, obtuse, ciliate; yellow with brown lines; bracteoles 2 cm long, lobes obtuse. Flowers densely packed. Calyx tube 2.5 cm long, lobes obtuse, cuspidate. Corolla tube 2.8 cm long, lobes unequal, to 3 x 1.8 cm, oblong, obtuse, yellow with red lines. Labellum 4 x 3 cm; middle lobes emarginate, yellow, with brown streaks. Anthers 9 mm long, crest, 15 mm broad, auriculate. Capsule 1.5-2 cm across, brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-July
  District(s): Palakkad, Pathanamthitta, Wayanad, Kasaragode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 900-1600
  Localities: Vazhachal, Rosemala, Kallidamkunnu, Karimalagopuram, South Walakkad, Nedumpoyil, Maloth, Thalichola, Athirumala, Chemungi, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
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