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  Amomum masticatorium
 
  Family: ZINGIBERACEAE
  Citation:  Amomum masticatorium Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 317. 1861; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 238. 1892; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 144. 1991; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 87. 2006.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Rhizome perennial, creeping, 0.5-1 cm thick, covered with ovate, membranous sheaths. Leafy shoot 2-3 m high. Leaves shortly petioled, petiole less than 5 mm long; ligule upto 4.5 cm long, the membranous upper third or half deciduous, the upper ligules short and intact; lamina 20-35 x 5-7 cm, oblong-lanceolate, caudate-acuminate, glabrous. Inflorescence globose, upto 6 x 3.5 cm; peduncle 5-7 cm, flexuous, decumbent, covered with 1-2 cm long, broadly ovate, slightly pubescent, membranous sheaths. Bract 2-2.5 x 1-1.5 cm, obovate, obtuse to subacute, pink, pubescent margins slightly ciliate. Bracteoles tubular, 1.5-2 cm long, bilobed, glabrous. Calyx 2.5-3 cm long, tubular, trilobed, lobes usually slightly pubescent at their tips, lobes triangular, apiculate. Corolla tube not exceeding the calyx, slightly pubescent, white; lobes white to pale yellow, oblong, rounded; dorsal lobe broader, c. 2 x 1.5 cm; lateral lobes c. 2 x 0.9 cm. Labellum 1.8-2 x 1.3-1.8 cm, broadly obovate, narrowed to a short claw at the base, limb 3-lobed, midlobe bifid, yellow, streaked red. Lateral staminodes 4-6 mm long, linear. Filament 0.8-1 cm long; anther-thecae 5-6 mm long, diverging above, very shortly pubescent at base and apex; connective prolonged into a 10 x 3 mm, semilunar, obscurely 3-lobed crest. Epigynous glands 4 mm long, usually united. Ovary 3-4 mm long, shortly pubescent. Capsule globose, 2 cm in diameter, echinate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-July
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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