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  Alseodaphne semecarpifolia var. parvifolia
  Citation:  Alseodaphne semecarpifolia Nees var. parvifolia Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 144. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1226(858). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 343. 1984; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 379. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 264. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 342. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mulakunari
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 20 m high, bark yellowish-brown, flaking off in thin rectangular flakes; blaze dull yellow, with aromatic smell; young shoots puberulent. Leaves simple, alternate, often fascicled at the apex of branchlets, estipulate; petiole 5-15 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 5.5-15 x 1.8-7 cm, obovate or oblanceolate, base cuneate, acute or attenuate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, shining above and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 5-10 pairs, slender, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, 3-4 mm across, greenish-yellow, in axillary or subterminal panicles of 6-12 cm long; pedicel 5-6 mm long, slender, pubescent; perianth tube short, lobes 6, in 2 rows, 4-5 mm long, oblong, pubescent, valvate; stamens 9 perfect, those of first and second rows opposite the perianth lobes, introrse, those of the third row opposite the first row, extrorse with 2 large glands on the inner base of the filaments; filaments hairy; anthers 4-celled; staminodes 3, of the fourth row opposite the second row, cordate, stipitate, base hairy; ovary half inferior, ovoid, glabrous, 1-celled, ovule 1, pendulous; style slender; stigma trilobed. Fruit a drupe 2-3 x 18 mm, ellipsoid to globose, seated on the top of enlarged, thick, warty peduncle; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhachal, Vazhani, Rosemala, Sunderamala, Thannikkudy, Vengoli, Kottayali
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