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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Alpinia nigra
 
  Family: ZINGIBERACEAE
  Citation:  Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 35: 213. 1977; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 123. 1991; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 445. 1998; Mangaly & Sabu, Rheedea 2: 48. 1992; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 66. 2006. Zingiber nigrum Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 35, t.12. 1788. Heritiera allughas Retz., Obs. Bot. 6: 17, t. 1. 1791. Alpinia allughas (Retz.) Rosc., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 346. 1807; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 253. 1893; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1493(1043). 1928. Hellenia allughas (Retz.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 4. 1797.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malayinjikuva
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Leafy stem loosely clumped, 1.5-2 m high; rhizome horizontal to 2 cm thick, dull cream inside. Leaves 30-50 x 10 cm, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, sparsely hairy below. Panicle less branched, to 15 cm long, slightly oblique to the stem, densely tomentose; bracts spathaceous. Flowers usually solitary in a bract; bracteoles tubular; calyx 1 cm long, hairy, split on one side; corolla yellowish, lobes 1.5 cm long, oblong, pubescent outside; lip 2.5 cm, obscurely 3-lobed; ovary densely pubescent. Capsule 2 cm across, glabrescent.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1200
  Localities: Sabarimala
   
 
   
 
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