Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Alpinia mutica
 
  Family: ZINGIBERACEAE
  Citation:  Alpinia mutica Roxb., Asiat. Res. 11: 354. 1810 & Fl. Ind. 1: 65. 1820; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 265. 1820; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 120. 1991; Mangaly & Sabu, Rheedea 2: 46. 1992; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 60. 2006. Renealmia mutica (Roxb.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 280. 1812. Alpinia korthalsii Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenreich Zingib. 327. 1904. Languas mutica (Roxb.) Degener, Fl. Hawaii Fam. 76. 1932. Catimbium muticum (Roxb.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 150. 1950.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Rhizome perennial, horizontal, highly branched, 2.5 cm thick, white or pale pink within. Leafy stem robust, upto 2 m high. Leaves bifarious, petiolate; petioles 3.5 cm long, pubescent; lamina oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, 40-60 x 10-13 cm, glabrous above, more or less densely pubescent below; ligule c. 8 mm long, coriaceous, entire, glabrous or fringed with hairs; sheaths pubescent. Inflorescence upto 16 cm long, emerging from the uppermost leaf sheath, erect or slightly curved; rachis densely pubescent, protected when young by 2-3 bladeless sheaths, 11-16 x 2.5-4.5 cm. Cincinnus 1-3 flowered. Pedicels 0.5-1 cm long, pubescent. Bracts absent. Bracteoles absent or very small, upto 6 mm long, on the upper cincinni only, deciduous. Calyx white, 1.8-2 cm long, funnel shaped, 3-lobed, outer surface sparsely hairy. Corolla white, tube c. 1.3 cm long, curved, shorter than the calyx; dorsal lobe 2.5 x 1.8 cm, linear-oblong, concave, margins shortly ciliate; lateral lobes as long as dorsal lobe but narrower, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, margin shortly ciliate. Labellum c. 3 x 3.5 cm, broadly ovate, narrowing to an emarginate apex, yellow, variegated with red, the basal part strongly concave, sides incurved. Lateral staminodes reduced, 5 mm long, subulate. Filament 1-1.2 cm long; anther as long as filament; thecae parallel, ecrestate. Epigynous gland one. Style filiform. Stigma funnel-shaped, ciliate. Ovary 5-8 mm long, trilocular, pilose with many ovules. Capsule globose, 3-3.5 x 2-2.5 cm, red when mature, pubescent with accrescent calyx. Seeds many, angular, 6-7 mm long, black with white, lacerate aril.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-October
  District(s): Palakkad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online