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  Alpinia mutica
  Citation:  Alpinia mutica Roxb., Asiat. Res. 11: 354. 1810 & Fl. Ind. 1: 65. 1820; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 265. 1820; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 120. 1991; Mangaly & Sabu, Rheedea 2: 46. 1992; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 60. 2006. Renealmia mutica (Roxb.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. 1: 280. 1812. Alpinia korthalsii Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenreich Zingib. 327. 1904. Languas mutica (Roxb.) Degener, Fl. Hawaii Fam. 76. 1932. Catimbium muticum (Roxb.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 150. 1950.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Rhizome perennial, horizontal, highly branched, 2.5 cm thick, white or pale pink within. Leafy stem robust, upto 2 m high. Leaves bifarious, petiolate; petioles 3.5 cm long, pubescent; lamina oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, 40-60 x 10-13 cm, glabrous above, more or less densely pubescent below; ligule c. 8 mm long, coriaceous, entire, glabrous or fringed with hairs; sheaths pubescent. Inflorescence upto 16 cm long, emerging from the uppermost leaf sheath, erect or slightly curved; rachis densely pubescent, protected when young by 2-3 bladeless sheaths, 11-16 x 2.5-4.5 cm. Cincinnus 1-3 flowered. Pedicels 0.5-1 cm long, pubescent. Bracts absent. Bracteoles absent or very small, upto 6 mm long, on the upper cincinni only, deciduous. Calyx white, 1.8-2 cm long, funnel shaped, 3-lobed, outer surface sparsely hairy. Corolla white, tube c. 1.3 cm long, curved, shorter than the calyx; dorsal lobe 2.5 x 1.8 cm, linear-oblong, concave, margins shortly ciliate; lateral lobes as long as dorsal lobe but narrower, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, margin shortly ciliate. Labellum c. 3 x 3.5 cm, broadly ovate, narrowing to an emarginate apex, yellow, variegated with red, the basal part strongly concave, sides incurved. Lateral staminodes reduced, 5 mm long, subulate. Filament 1-1.2 cm long; anther as long as filament; thecae parallel, ecrestate. Epigynous gland one. Style filiform. Stigma funnel-shaped, ciliate. Ovary 5-8 mm long, trilocular, pilose with many ovules. Capsule globose, 3-3.5 x 2-2.5 cm, red when mature, pubescent with accrescent calyx. Seeds many, angular, 6-7 mm long, black with white, lacerate aril.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-October
  District(s): Palakkad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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