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  Alpinia malaccensis
  Citation:  Alpinia malaccensis (Burm. f.) Rosc., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 8: 345. 1807; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 255. 1820; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1493(1043). 1928; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 404. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 309. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 465. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 389. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 497. 1990; Sabu, Taxonomic Phylogenetic Stud. Zingiberac. 116. 1991; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 380. 1995; Mangaly & Sabu, Rheedea 2: 45. 1992; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 34. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 457. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 334. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 704. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 705. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 497. 2005; Sabu, Zingiberaceae and Costaceae of South India 58. 2006; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 858. 2009. Maranta malaccensis Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 2. 1768. Costus malaccensis (Burm.f) Koenig in Retz., Obs. Bot. 3: 71. 1783. Catimbium malaccensis (Burm.f.) Holttum, Gard. Bull. Singapore 13: 152. 1950. Alpinia nutans Rosc. var. sericea Baker in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 256. 1892.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs, leafy stem robust, to 3 m. Leaves narrowly lanceolate, acuminate, up to 60 x 7 cm, usually densely pubescent below or pubescence confined to margins and midrib; ligule to 1 cm long, hairy, coriaceous, entire; sheaths shortly pubescent; petiole 3-5 cm long, rounded, pubescent. Inflorescence erect or slightly curved, main axis pubescent; bracts absent. Cincinni of 2 very shortly pedicellate flowers or reduced to a single flower, stalk 0.5-1.5 cm long, pubescent; bracteoles white, open to base, 1.5-2 cm long, folded round the bud becoming quickly deciduoud as the flower opens, lightly pubescent at apex. Calyx white, 2 cm long, pubescent at least at the apex, shortly 3-lobed and deeply split unilaterally. Corolla white, tube up to 1 cm long, glabrous; lateral lobes 3 x 1 cm, ciliate-margined, dorsal lobe broader, also ciliate. Labellum yellow-orange, heavily lined with scarlet, 3-5 cm long, 3 cm across at widest part, sides incurved, narrowing to an emarginate apex, with 2 papillose fleshy swellings at the base. Lateral staminodes subulate, less than 5 mm long; filaments c. 1 cm long; anther of equal length or longer, thecae parallel, connective not prolonged into a crest. Epigynous glands 5 mm long, free from each other. Ovary 5mm long, pubescent, trilocular. Capsules turning red at length, globose, up to 3 cm in diameter, shortly pubescent.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-November
  District(s): Kottayam, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Idukki, Wayanad, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur
  Habitat: Along stream sides in evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Orange
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1600
  Localities: Peechi, Kallar, Mananthavady, Campshed area, Ranni, Chandanathode, Orange Fam area-Kaikatty, Nadugani ghats, Kulathupuzha, Rockwood, Pongalapara, Attayar
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