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  Alloteropsis cimicina
 
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Alloteropsis cimicina (L.) Stapf in Prain, Fl. Trop. Africa 9: 487. 1919; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1766(1223). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 339. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 458. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 444. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 525. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 443. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 911. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 214. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 524. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 444. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 20. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 502. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 375. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 831. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 508. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 336. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 382. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 799. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 560. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 816. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 943. 2009. Milium cimicinum L., Mant. Pl. 2: 184. 1771. Axonopus cimicinus (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 154. 1812; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 64. 1896.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual herbs; culms 15-100 cm high, decumbent, canaliculate; nodes glabrous or tubercled hairy. Leaves 2-4.5 x 0.7-1.2 cm, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, rounded or cordate at base, margins ciliate with tubercle-based hairs, apex abruptly acute; sheath 5-12 cm long,covered with tubercle-based hairs; ligule truncate, fimbriate. Racemes 3-8, digitate, umbellate or corymbose, 4-15 cm long; rhachis angular, scabrid. Spikelets 2-flowered, 2-5 mm long excluding aristae, broadly elliptic. Glumes unequal; lower glume 1.5-2 x 1 mm, ovate-lanceolate, shortly acuminate, 3-nerved; upper glume 3-3.5 x 1 mm, broadly ovate, acuminae, 5-nerved; lower floret male. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma 2-3 x 1 mm, ovate, 5-nerved; second lemma 2-3 x 1 mm, elliptic, margins ciliate, aristate; arista 1-3 mm long, erect, scaberulous; palea 1.5-3 x 0.5-1 mm, ovate or elliptic. Stamens 3, anthers 0.5-1 mm long, yellow. Ovary c. 0.5 mm, oblong; stigmas 0.5-1 mm, violet; grain c. 1.5 x 1 mm, ovate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, roadsides and wastelands
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Chinnar, Mangaladevi, Keerapady, Adoor, Tellicherry, Kannoth, Nedumpoyil, Taliparamba, Alakode, Sreekantapuram, Parassanikkadavu, Nileswar, Bandukha, Cheruvathur, Nedumpoyil, Rajamudi, Pullipara, Vandiperiyar, Pulikkal forest, Kottu
   
 
   
 
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