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  Aglaia simplicifolia
  Citation:  Aglaia simplicifolia (Bedd.) Harms in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 196. 1: 146. 1940; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 87. 1988; Pannell, Kew Bull. Addl. ser. 16, 306.1992; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 24,31. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 58. 1997; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 474.1997; Sasidh. & Anto in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 140. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 58. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 55. 2002; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 645. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 207. 2009. Beddomea simplicifolia Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 135. 1871; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 566. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 184(132). 1915; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 60. 1995. Beddomea simplicifolia var. parviflora Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 135. 1871. Beddomea simplicifolia var. racemosa Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t.135. 1871.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees; twigs greyish-brown, usually with reddish-brown stellate hairs, sometimes with peltate scales, densely covering the apex only, sparse elsewhere. Leaves simple, alternate, 15-32 x 4.5-10 cm, acuminate or caudate at apex, cuneate at the slightly asymmetrical base, upper surface often shiny and minutely pitted, the lower surface usually with occasional stellate hairs or scales, that surface sometimes densely covered with hairs or scales; lateral nerves 11-18 pairs, ascending and markedly curved upwards near the margin, midrib, lateral veins and sometimes the reticulation subprominent on the upper surface; petiole up to 4 cm, with a swelling 0.5 cm long adjacent to the lamina. Inflorescence up to 15 cm long and 10 cm wide, peduncle up to 1 cm, rachis, branches and pedicels densely covered with stellate hairs like those on the twigs. Flowers subglobose, peidcel up to 2 mm. Calyx deeply divided into 5 subrotund lobes which are densely covered with stellate scales. Petals 5, yellow, obovate, aestivation quincuncial. Staminal tube nearly as long as the petals, obovoid, with a small aperture; anthers c. ½ the length of the tube, broadly ovoid, in the upper half of the tube, not or just protruding through the aperture. Ovary subglobose, densely covered with stellate scales; stigma ovoid, with two small apical lobes; ovary and stigma together c. 1/3 the length of the staminal tube. Fruits up to 4 cm long, obovoid or subglobose, brown, or pale yellow, indehiscent, with a thick woody pericarp up to 5 mm thick and densely covered with stellate hairs on the outside; pericarp often longitudinally ridged. Loculi 1 or 2 (or sometimes 3, each containing 1 seed; aril transparent, gelatinous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kannur, Kollam, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1200
  Localities: Kallar, Rosemala, Chokkampetti, Chenthamara, Karimala, Chandanathode, Teppakulam
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