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  Agasthiyamalai pauciflorum
  Citation:  Agasthiyamalai pauciflora (Bedd.) S. Rajkumar & Janarth., J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 1: 131. 2007. Poeciloneuron pauciflorum Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t.93.1871; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 278. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 77(56). 1915; N.P. Singh in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 146. 1993; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 337. 2000; Mohanan et al., Ann. For. 7: 87. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 89. 2002; W. Arisdason & P. Daniel in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 353. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Poothakkali, Pulivayila
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m tall; branchlets minutely hairy. Leaves opposite, elliptic, lanceolate or oblong-elliptic, attenuate at base, entire or slightly recurved at margin, bluntly caudate acuminate at apex, 5.5-13 x 1.5-4 cm, glabrous; petioles 7-10 mm long. Flowers solitary, paired or 4 in fascicles, terminal or in axilary leaf scars axils, 1-1.2 cm across, white; bracts 3-angled, ca 3 mm long. Sepals 4, unequal; inner pair ca 6 mm long; the outer ca 2 mm long, puberulous outside. Petals 6 imbricate, glabrous. Stamens 16-24 in 2 whorls, subsessile, inserted on disc below ovary; filaments to 0.2 mm long; anthers linear-oblong, acute or cuneate at base, 2.5-3.5 mm long with a transparent ca 1.5 mm long flap with a distinct nerve and mucronate apex, smooth, 2-loculed. Ovary ca 2 mm long, 2-loculed; ovules 2 in each locule, erect; styles 2, ca 3.5 mm long. Capsules ovoid or globose, ca 2.5 cm, with persistent sepals and 3 stylar bases, dehiscing into 2 coriaceous valves, 1-loculed; seed 1, globose, ca 1 cm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 300-1000
  Localities: Varagaliar, Bonaccord, Karamanayar region
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