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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Adenosma indiana
 
  Family: SCROPHULARIACEAE
  Citation:  Adenosma indiana (Lour.) Merr., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. n.s. 24:351. 1935; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 280. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 277. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 324. 1994; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 508. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 354. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 489. 2009. Manulea indiana Lour., Fl. Co chinch. 386. 1790. Stemodia capitata Benth., Bot. Reg. 17; sub.t.1470. 1832. Adenosma capitatum (Benth.) Hance, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 13: 114. 1873; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 264. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 949(666). 1923. Adenosma bilabiatum (Roxb.) Merr., Enum. Pl. 3: 454. 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 205. 1982.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kasithumba
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect herbs; stem up to 45 cm tall, densely villous. Leaves opposite or whorled, 2-3.5 x 1-2 cm, ovate to elliptic-ovate, base rounded, margin serrate, apex acute, hairy on both sides, lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, sessile. Flowers in dense, terminal bracteate cylindric heads, 1.5-3 cm long; bracts linear. Calyx-lobes 5, 3-4 mm long, lanceolate, ciliate, upper largest. Corolla bluish or violet; tube c. 5 mm long, cylindric, upper lip erect, 2-fid, lower spreading, 3-lobed. Stamens 4, didynamous; anther cells stipitate. Ovules many; style filiform below, dilated above; stigma 2-fid. Capsules 3-4 x 2-2.5 mm, ellipsoid. Seeds c. 0.5 mm long, ovoid-oblong, reticulate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-October
  District(s): Kottayam, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Alappuzha, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Ernakulam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grasslands, deciduous and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Violet
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Adoor, Pattanakadu
   
 
   
 
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