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  Acrotrema arnottianum
  Citation:  Acrotrema arnottianum Wight, Illustr. 1: t.3. 1840; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 32. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 6 (5). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 59. 1984; N. C. Majumdar in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 151. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 41. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 1. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 9. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 2. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 49. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 36. 2005; N.P. Balakr. & G.V.S. Murthy in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 119. 2005. Acrotrema agastyamalayanum E.S.S.Kumar, Dan & G.M.Nair, Nordic J. Bot. 24: 543. 2006.
  Malayalam Name(s): Nilampunna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs; stem very short, densely hispid. Leaves radical, rosetted, to 35 x 15 cm, obovate obtuse, distantly toothed, very hispid, nerves many, regular, parallel; petiole 3-8 cm long, stipules wing-like, adnate to petiole. Flowers 12 mm across, in axillary raceme; pedicel 5 cm long, hispid; sepals 5, 6 x 3 mm, obovate, obtuse, hairy outside; petals 5, 8 x 5 mm, obovate, glabrous, yellow; stamens many, filaments as long as anthers; anthers obovate; carpels 3, jointed along the inner edges; ovules many on parietal placentation; styles 3, recurved. Fruit of 3 follicles, 5 x 5 mm, coherent along the innersides; seeds many, triangular.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist places under bushes along edges of ditches in moist deciduous and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1400
  Localities: Kallar, Kulathupuzha, Attathodu, Moozhiar, Lower Moozhiar, Angamoozhy, Kottur R.F., Chemungi, Thenmalai, Rockwood, Hereford, Teppakulam, Bonaccord, Attayar, Athirumala
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