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  Acroceras munroanum
  Citation:  Acroceras munroanum (Balansa) Henrard, Blumea 3: 445. 1940; Sreek. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 267. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 458. 1984; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 212. 1991; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 816. 2009. Panicum munroanum Balansa in Morot, J. Bot. 4: 140. 1890. Panicum latifolium Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 39. 1896,p.p. Acroceras crassiapiculatum (Merr.) Alston, Trimen, Handb. Fl. Cey. 6(Suppl.): 324. 1931. Panicum crassiapiculatum Merr., Phil. J. Sci. 1(Suppl.):356. 1906.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annuals or perennials. Culms creeping or geniculate, 30-75 cm long, rarely erect, often prostrate and rooting at the nodes, smooth and glabrous; nodes glabrous. Leaves lanceolate, 2-8 x 0.4-0.8 cm, glabrous on both surfaces or rarely ciliate on the rounded base, margins scabrid; sheaths 1-3 cm long, loose below, closely fitting above, striate, glabrous except for the outer margins which are always ciliate; ligules fimbriate, membranous. Inflorescence a panicle of 4-6 suberect, interruptedly spiciform racemes, 3-10 cm long, each raceme 2-4 cm long disposed on a short, central rhachis which is deeply channelled; branches hairy at the junction with the rhachis. Pedicels 1-6 mm long, trigonous, scabrid on the margins. Spikelets elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, c. 4 x 2 mm, bluntly apiculate; lower glumes ovate-lanceolate, c. 3 x 1.5 mm, chartaceous, 3-5 nerved, tip laterally compressed and thickened; upper glume elliptic or broadly ovate, c. 3.5 x 1.75 mm, acute, tip laterally compressed and thickened, chartaceous, 5-7-nerved. Lower floret empty. Upper floret bisexual; first lemma broadly ovate, c. 3.5 x 1.75 mm, apiculate, tip laterally compressed, chartaceous, 7-nerved; palea elliptic-lanceolate, c. 2 x 0.75 mm, delicate, 2-keeled, 2-nerved; second lemma elliptic or ovate, c. 3.25 x 1.5 mm, apiculate, tip laterally compressed and thickened, subcoriaceous, faintly 5-7-nerved, smooth, shining, glabrous except for a few hairs below the tip; palea elliptic, c. 2.5 x 1 mm, tip notched and reflexed, subcoriaceous, smooth, shining; lodicules 2, obovate, c. 0.25 x 0.15 mm, wavy at apex. Stamens 3, anthers c. 1 mm long. Ovary ovate, c. 0.3 x 0.15 mm; styles c. 0.75 mm long; stigmas c. 0.5 mm long, plumose. Grains ovate, c. 2 x 1.25 mm, blunt at both ends.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-November
  District(s): Kollam, Alappuzha
  Habitat: Sandy areas
  Distribution: India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: near Quilon, Kollam, Champakulam
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