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  Acanthospermum hispidum
  Citation:  Acanthospermum hispidum DC., Prodr. 5: 522. 1836; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 704(495). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 151. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 224. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 207. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 240. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 207. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 357. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 247. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 251. 1994; H.J. Chowdhery in Hajra et al., Fl. India 12: 361. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 243. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 37. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 356. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 192. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 160. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 165. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 273. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 373. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 456. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Njeringil, Musumusu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect, densely hispid herbs. Leaves 2-4 x 1-2 cm, ovate, apex acute, entire. Heads 4-5 mm long, axillary, sessile; receptacle paleate; bracts 1-seriate, 5 mm long. Outer row of flowers female, ligulate, yellow, 3-lobed at apex. Inner flowers bisexual; corolla 2 mm long, tubular, 5-toothed at apex, yellow. Achenes 5 x 3 mm, obovate, with two diverging long spines at apex, compressed; pappus absent.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: A weed of fallow lands, also in degraded forest areas
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Peechi, Chinnar, Sabarimala, Thekkady, Thunakkadavu, Adoor, Tolpetty, Periyarum, Kalliassey, Nileswar, Walayar, Attappady R.F., Alleppey town, Karulai
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