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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Acanthephippium bicolor
 
  Family: ORCHIDACEAE
  Citation:  Acanthephippium bicolor Lindl., Bot. Reg. 20. t.1730. 1835; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 815. 1890; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1426(997). 1928; Abraham & Vatsala, Introd. Orchids 272. 1981; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 268. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 466. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 446. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 34. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 399. 1998; Sathish in Manoharan et al., Silent Valley-Whispers Reason 193. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 320. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 652. 2002; Sathish & Manilal, Orchid Memories 164. 2004; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 782. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Terrestrial herbs; pseudobulbs ovoid, 5-14 x 2-5 cm. Leaves 2 or 3, 20-40 x 6-12 cm, broadly lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers yellow with purplish red, 3.5 cm across, in 2-5-flowered racemes from the top of new pseudobulbs; bracts 3.5 x 3, cymbiform. Sepals fused to form gibbous tube; dorsal sepals 3.2 x 1.1 cm, oblong, obtuse; lateral sepals as long as or broader than dorsal sepal, fused with the foot along their inner edges forming the base of the pitcher, obtuse, recurved at apex. Petals 3.1 x 1.5 cm, spathulate, obtuse. Lip 3-lobed, 1.5 x 2 cm, lateral lobes erect, rounded; midlob recurved, oblong-spathulate, obtuse, disc 3-lamellate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Wayanad, Palakkad, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1000
  Localities: Mlappara, Orukomban, Valiyaparathode, Damsite, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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