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  Acalypha paniculata
  Citation:  Acalypha paniculata Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1: 406. 1859; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 415. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1330(930). 1925; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 243. 1988; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 590. 2002; Rani & Balakr., J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 31: 96. 2007; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 126. 2007. Acalypha racemosa Wall. ex Baill., Etud. Gen. Euphorb.443. 1858, nom. nud.; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 270. 1982; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 353. 1989; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 355. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 331. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 407. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 703. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 418. 1990; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 16. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 391. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 279. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 602. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 363. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 278. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 280. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 434. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 619. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Valia-kuppameni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect herbs to 1 m tall; branchlets minutely pubescent. Leaves simple,alternate, 4-8 x 2-5 cm, broadly ovate, apex acuminate, base rounded or subcordate, margin crenate-serrate, sparsely hispid, membranous, basally 3-(5) nerved; petiole to 7 cm long. Flowers monoecious. Male flowers in slender axillary spikes, 6-10 cm long, flowers very minute; tepals 4; stamens 8 on a convex receptacle, anthers linear. Female flowers in terminal panicles; bracts minute,ovate; tepals 3-6; ovary 3-lobed, 3-locular; ovule 1-per locule; styles filiform in 3 groups of 3 each. Capsules 1.5-2 mm across, with 3 cocci; seeds globose.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Tropical Africa
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1200
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhachal, Rosemala, Kallar, Ichampetty, Mlappara, Thekkady, Vellimala, Vengoli, Dhoni R. F., Nilikkal, Puthukulam, Arampa, Kannoth, Chindaki forest, Mukkali forests, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Walayar, Konnakadu, Venmony, Nellikuth, Karuvar
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