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  Acacia planifrons
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Acacia planifrons Wight & Arn., Prodr. 276. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 293. 1878p.p.; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 426(302). 1919; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 43. 1992; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 622. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 119. 1999.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kudavelam, Kodavelam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Umbrella thorn
  Description: Trees; to 7 m high; bark greyish-brown, thick with horizontal markings, branchlets warty. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, fascicled on abbreviated branchlets, stipulate; stipular spines in pairs, unequal; short ones recurved, brown, long one straight, divergent, white with brown spots; rachis 8-12 mm, slender, pulvinate, glabrous, with a gland towards the base on the upper side [absent in smaller leaves]; pinnae 3-5 pairs, slender, 0.7-1 cm, opposite, even pinnate; leaflets 10-30, opposite, estipellate; lamina 1-3 x 0.5-1 mm, linear-oblong, base oblique, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous, nerves obscure. Flowers white, heads axillary, 2-3 together, peduncles with involucel at the base; calyx campanulate, 1-2 x 1.5-2.5 mm, glabrous; corolla funnel shaped, 3-4 mm long, lobes ovate to oblong; stamens many, 3-4 mm long, filaments basally connate; ovary 1.5 mm long, sessile, glabrous; style ca. 2.5 mm long. Fruit a pod, 5-10 x 0.6-0.7 cm, slightly fleshy, circinate, entire along margin, acute at apex, glabrous, rounded to acute at base; stipe very short; seeds 6-9.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-April
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Kuttar
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