Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Acacia horrida
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Acacia horrida (L.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1082. 1806; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 40. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 172. 1994; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 613. 1996. Mimosa horrida L., Sp. Pl. 521. 1753. Acacia latronum L.f., Suppl. Pl. 438. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 296. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 427(302). 1919. Mimosa latronum (L.f.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1077. 1806; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 296. 1878.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Robber-thorn tree
  Description: Shrubs to small trees with spreading crown; branchlets black or brownish, terete, glabrous; spines stipular, in pairs, 0.5-6 cm long, often connate at base, straight, ivory-white or often brown, the larger ones hollow and horn-like. Leaves bipinnate: rachis 1-3 cm long, slender, sparsely yellowish puberulous to glabrous; petioles 0.5-1 (-2) cm long; glands solitary, more or less midway or occasionally near the base of petiole, circular, sessile, 0.5-0.8 mm diameter; pinnae 2-5 pairs, 0.5-1.5 cm long, sparsely puberulous to glabrous; leaflets 6-15 pairs, subsessile, linear or oblong, 0.8-4 x 0.4-1 mm, subequal or rounded at base, obtuse to rounded or subacture at apex, firmly chartaceous, glabrous, greenish or brown when dry; main vein prominent; nervules obscure. Inflorescences: axillary, spicate, solitary or 2-together, glabrous, 2-5.5 mm long; peduncles 0.5-1 cm long. Flowers: creamy, white or yellowish, fragrant. Calyx campanulate, 1-2 x 1.5-1.8 mm, glabrous; teeth triangular or ovate, 0.5-0.8 mm long. Corolla 2-3 mm long, glabrous; lobes 4-5, triangular, 1-1.5 x 0.6-1 mm. Stamens 3-4.5 mm long. Ovary subsessile, subglobose; ca 1.5 mm diameter, style 3-3.5 mm long. Pods falcate-oblong, 2.5-4.5 x 1-2 cm, flattened, inflated, straight to curved, unlobed, thin-walled, rounded to obtuse at apex, glabrous, prominently and transversely veined, dark reddish-brown or blackish when dry, stipe ca 5 mm long; seeds 1-4, ovate to suborbicular, flattened, 4.5-5.5 mm diameter.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-May
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
Kerala News Online