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  Acacia ferruginea
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Acacia ferruginea DC., Prodr. 2: 458. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 295. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 428(303). 1919; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 39. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 117. 1999; Chakrab. & Gangop., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 611. 1996. Mimosa ferruginea (DC.) Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 561. 1832, non Rottl., 1803.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arimedam, Baabolamaram, Gonthumaram, Karivelam, Parama, Pouvelam, Vanni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees; to 20 m high; bark 10-12 mm thick, dark brown, rough, deeply fissured, blaze pink; branchlets brownish or blackish. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines in pairs, nodal, 0.5-6 mm long, hooked or sometimes straight; rachis 3. 5-8 cm, slender, grooved above, pulvinate, glabrous, with a gland at the base of the rachis on the upper side; pinnae 4-6 pairs, opposite, even pinnate, 4.5-5.5 cm, slender, with a gland in between terminal 2 pinnae pairs on upper side; leaflets 20-44, opposite, sessile, lamina 5-8 x 2-3 mm, linear-oblong, base oblique, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous, midrib subcentral, lateral nerves obscure. Flowers bisexual, pale yellow, 4-4.5 cm long, in spikes arranged in loose panicles; bracts and bracteoles cauducous; calyx 1-1.5 x 1.5-1.8 mm, campanulate, 5-lobed, puberulous; corolla 2.5-3 mm, twice longer than the calyx, lobes oblong, glabrous; stamens many, 3-5 mm long, basally connate; ovary stipitate, terete; style 2.5-3 mm long, filiform; stigma small, terminal. Fruit a pod 7.5-17.5 x 1.6-1.8 cm, strap shaped, flat, dark brown, round and apiculate or shortly attenuate at apex, glabrous, transversely reticulate-veined, attenuate at base into a stipe; seeds 2-6, ovate, flat.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-March
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -900
  Localities: Samplampetty
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