Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Acacia chundra
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Acacia chundra (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1078. 1806; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 185. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 38. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 117. 1999. Mimosa chundra Roxb. ex Rottl., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften 4: 207. 1803. Mimosa sundra Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 225. 1811 & Fl. Ind. 2: 562. 1832. Acacia sundra (Roxb.) DC., Prodr. 2: 295. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 295. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 428(303). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karingali, Kannali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cutch tree, Red kutch
  Description: Trees; to 8 m high; bark rusty brown; rough, peeling off in thin flakes; branchlets smooth, glabrous, pale purplish-brown. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipular spines short, hooked to 8 mm; rachis 8-10 cm long, slender, grooved above, pulvinate, glabrous; pinnae 10-15 pairs opposite, even pinnate, 2-4 cm long, slender, with a gland at the base of lowest pair of pinnae and between 1-2 extreme pairs on upper side; leaflets 30-60, opposite, sessile, stipels absent; lamina 4-10 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong, base unequally truncate, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous, midrib subcentral, lateral nerves obscure. Flowers yellowish-white, 2 mm across, in axillary 1-3 clustered spikes shorter than leaves; calyx tube campanulate, 1 mm long, 5-lobed, glabrous; corolla three times as long as calyx, lobes linear-lanceolate, glabrous; stamens many, connate at base; ovary stipitate, falcate, upto 1.5 mm, glabrous; style filiform; stigma small, terminal. Fruit a pod, 5-10 x 1.5-2 cm, stipitate, flat, thin, glabrous, strongly nerved, obtuse at base, apically horned; suture wavy, depressed between seeds; seeds ca.6, ovoid, greenish-brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-August
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India, Sri Lanka and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Poomaram odai, Walayar
Kerala News Online