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  Abutilon indicum var. guineense
  Citation:  Abutilon indicum var. guineense (Schumach.) K.M.Feng, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 4: 28. 1982. Sida guineensis Schumach., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 307. 1827.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs to 1.5 m tall; stem terete, densely velutinous with minute stellate hairs, rarely intermingled with few, scattered simple hairs. Leaves alternate, 4-10 x 4-8.5 cm, ovate-cordate, acute or subobtuse at apex, cordate at base, sparsely stellate hairy above, densely so beneath, 7-9 nerved from base, margins coarsely crenate-serrate; petioles 1.5-9 cm long, stellate-hairy; stipules up to 5 mm long, linear, stellate-hairy, reflexed. Flowers axillary, solitary; pedicel 3.5-5.5 cm long, much longer than the subtending petioles, articulate 3 mm below the flower, densely stellate-hairy. Calyx pale green, 15 mm long, 7 mm diam., narrowly campanulate, 5-parted, divided to the middle, the lobes 9 x 4.5 mm, ovate, acuminate at apex, densely stellate velutinous externally and densely pubescent with appressed stellate hairs and simple hairs internally. Corolla 2-2.5 cm diam., uniformly orange-yellow; petals 8 x 9 mm, broadly ovate with an emarginate apex, glabrous above and beneath, slightly stellate-hairy towards base externally on margins. Staminal column 7 mm long, glabrous throughout, tube short, upto 2.5 mm long, antheriferous at apex, base broad, 4 mm diam., pale yellow. Ovary 4.5 x 5.5 mm, subglobose with a slightly flattened apex, densely pubescent with long silvery white hairs; styles 17-20, 4.5 mm long, glabrous; stigmas globose, yellow. Schizocarp 10 mm long, 13 mm diam., globular with a flattened apex, as long or slightly exceeding the calyx lobes; mericarps 17-20, 10 x 6 mm, flattened-reniform, black when mature, apically acuminate, dorsal surface densely clothed with long silky white stellate hairs; seeds 2-3 per mericarp, 3 x 2.5 mm, reniform, minutely tuberculate, glabrous except at hilum, brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki
  Habitat: Deciduous forests and scrub jungles
  Distribution: Asia, Africa and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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