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  Abelmoschus manihot
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik., Malv. 46. 1787; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 86. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 73. 1985; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 74. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 74. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 77. 1994; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:304.1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 67. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 29. 1998; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 402. 2005. Hibiscus manihot L., Sp. Pl. 696. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 341. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 97(69). 1915. Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. ssp. tetraphyllus (Hornem.) Borss., Blumea 14:97. 1996; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 59. 1988; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 75. 1988; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:306.1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11,18. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 58. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 76. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 78. 2005. Abelmoschus manihot ssp. tetraphyllus var. pungens (Roxb.) Hochr., Candollea 1: 87. 1924; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 77. 1988.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, to 2 m tall; whole plant hirtus with stiff hairs. Leaves simple, alternate, 15 x 12 cm, 3-5 lobed, lobes acute, crenate-serrate; petiole to 15 cm long; stipule 1 cm long, lanceolate. Flowers in terminal raceme; pedicel 7 cm long; involucral bracts 30 x 17 mm, ovate, acute, densely hairy. Calyx membranous, glabrous. Petals white, changing to pink, to 6 x 4 cm, obovate, glabrous. Capsule 5-6 x 2 cm, oblong, acute, densely yellow hispid; seeds many, reniform, hispid along concentric lines.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): Kottayam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thrissur, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, road sides and wastelands
  Distribution: Cultivated in southeast Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Sangili, Kulathupuzha, Uppermanalar, Anakuthivayal, Kakki hills, Ambayathode, Kannoth, Taliparamba, Chengalayi, Machiri, Nadugani ghats
   
 
   
 
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