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50 Top Garden Plants
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10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Abelmoschus esculentus
  Citation:  Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench., Methodus 617. 1794; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 49. 1982; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 79. 1989; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 385. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 62. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 79. 1997; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 402. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 134. 2009. Hibiscus esculentus L., Sp. Pl. 696. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 343. 1874. Hibiscus longifolius Willd., Sp. Pl. 3:827.1800.
  Malayalam Name(s): Venda
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Gumbo, Lady's finger, Okra
  Description: Erect herbs or undershrubs; stems green or purplish, covered with stiff simple hairs. Leaves alternate, orbicular, cordate at base, 3-20 x 5-25 cm, palmately 3-7 lobed or parted; lobes 3-angled, ovate or oblong, serrate-dentate or crenate at margin, acute to acuminate at apex, covered with stiff simple hairs on both surfaces; petioles 5-30 cm long, hairy; stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3-7 x 1-3 mm, hairy. Flower axillary, solitary. Epicalyx lobes 7-10, lanceolate, acute at apex, 15-20 x 5-8 mm, sparsely hairy. Calyx spathaceous, ca 3 cm across, hairy on both sides. Corolla yellow with a red or purple centre, ca 5 cm across; petals obovate, rounded at apex, ca 5 x 6 cm, glabrous or sparsely hairy at margin. Staminal column ca 2 cm long, white. Ovary ovoid, ca 7 x 8 mm, densely sericeous, 5 or 6 loculed; styles 5 or 6 armed; stigmas discoid, purple. Capsules cylindric, 5-angled, acuminate at apex, 10-25 cm long, hairy; seeds globose, glabrous and sometimes pubescent near hilum, dark brown.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated as vegetable
  Distribution: Cultivated in most tropical countries including India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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