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  Ziziphus xylopyrus
 
  Family: RHAMNACEAE
  Citation:  Ziziphus xylopyrus (Retz.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 1: 1104. 1798; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 636. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 221(158). 1918; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 101. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 121. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 111. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 148. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 70. 1999; Bhandari & Bhansali in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 243. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 69. 2002; P.V. Sreekumar & A.N. Henry in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 735. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 230. 2009. Rhamnus xylopyrus Retz., Obs. Bot. 2: 11. 1781.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kotta
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 12 m high, bark thin, brownish-grey, exfoliating in small scales; branchlets tomentose, sparsely armed. Leaves simple, alternate, 5-8 x 3-5 cm, ovate-oblong or suborbicular, apex obtuse, apiculate, base rounded, margin serrulate, glabrous above, tomentose beneath, coriaceous, 3-5-ribbed from base; petiole 5-12 mm, tomentose, slender; lateral nerves many, puberulent beneath, intercostae reticulate, faint; stipulate. Flowers bisexual, in axillary cymes, greenish-yellow, pubescent; peduncle 1.5 cm long. Calyx 5 lobed, 1.5 mm radiating. Petals 5, 2 mm, spathulate; disc 5 lobed. Stamens 5, filaments subulate. Ovary 3-celled, ovules solitary; styles 3; stigma trifid. Fruit a drupe, 1.5-2.5 cm across, globose, woody; seeds 3.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Samplampetty, Thellikkal, Kuchimudi, Kuruva Island, Baveli, Malampuzha, Nedumkayam, Kanjirakadavu
   
 
   
 
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