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  Xylopia parvifolia
  Citation:  Xylopia parvifolia (Wight) Hook.f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 125. 1855 & in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 84. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 16(15). 1915; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 305. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 22. 1997; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 175. 2005. Patonia parvifolia Wight, Illustr. 1: 19. 1838.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chanthumaram, Kallupottan, Santhu, Ilapongu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Small-flowered Xylopia
  Description: Trees, 15-25 m tall; bole buttressed, bark 5-6 mm thick, grey; blaze brownish; young branches brown pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; lamina 6-10 x 2.5-3 cm. Petiole 5-8 mm, slender, pubescent when young and glabrous at maturity, grooved above; lamina 6-10 x 2.5-3 cm ovate, oblong-lanceolate, base acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, shiny above; lateral nerves 8-9 pairs, pinnate, very slender, faint, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-brown, 2-5 together in axillary fascicles, 15-18 mm across; pedicels very short, pubescent; bracts longer than the sepals; sepals 3, connate up to middle, ovate, acute, 1.5-2 x 2.5-3 mm, pubescent out side, glabrous inside; petals 6 (3+3) outer petals linear, slightly clawed and dilated at base, 10-13 x 1.5-2 mm, brown pubescent outside, hairy inside; inner ones a little shorter and narrower, linear, concave and spoon-shaped at base, densely tomentose; stamens numerous, ca. 2 mm long, connectives flat, concealing the anther cells, round, anthers transversely septate; carpels 5, linear, ca. 4 mm long, slightly pubescent, ovules 4-6; style linear, stigma fusiform. Fruit aggregate of berries, green, fruitlets 1-4 together, subsessile, obovoid, blunt at apex, tapering to base, 2.5-3.8 cm long, pubescent, stalk 1-2 mm long, woody; seeds 4-6, oblong.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: August-April
  District(s): Kollam
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India (Kerala) and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kattalappara
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