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  Xylocarpus granatum
 
  Family: MELIACEAE
  Citation:  Xylocarpus granatum Koenig, Naturforscher Halle 20: 2. 1784; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 518. 1997; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 667. 2005. Xylocarpus obovatus (Blume) A. Juss., Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 19: 244. 1830; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 188(132). 1915. Carapa obovata Blume, Bijdr. 179. 1825. Carapa moluccensis Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 136. 1871; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 567. 1875, non Lam. 1784.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cannon ball tree
  Description: Evergreen trees to 8 m high; bark grey; branchlets sparsely lepidote. Leaves alternate, paripinnate, to 9 cm long; leaflets 2 or 3 pairs, opposite, obovate, cuneate at base, entire at margin, obtuse or rounded at apex, to 6 x 3.5 cm, thick-coriaceous, puberulous, shining above; petioles to 6 cm long, red; petiolules to 2 mm long, red. Panicles cymose, to 10 cm long; peduncles to 2.5 cm long. Flowers ca 1 cm across; pedicels to 4 mm long, red. Calyx lobes to 1 mm long. Petals oblong, ca 6 x 3 mm, glabrous, white, pinkish or yellowish white. Staminal tube to 4 mm long, glabrous. Ovary ca 1 mm long. Capsules ca 6 x 4.5 cm, brown; seeds arranged radially from remains of axis outwards, convex on back, pink.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-December
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along muddy sea coasts
  Distribution: India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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