Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Xylia xylocarpa
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub., Bot. Centralbl. 47: 395. 1891; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 417(295). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 101. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 168. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 152. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 172. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 153. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 234. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 190. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 73. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 176. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 123. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11,17. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 171. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 245. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 128. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 113. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 206. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 272. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 341. 2009. Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 100. 1798. Xylia dolabriformis sensu Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 186. 1872, non. Benth. 1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 286. 1878 p.p.
  Malayalam Name(s): Irul, Irulpool, Irumullu, Kadamaram, Pangal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees; to 20 m high; bole often fluted; bark 10-15 mm thick, reddish-brown, mottled with white, rough, exfoliations irregular; brittle. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, pinnae 2, opposite, even pinnate 8-30 cm, slender, glabrous, leaflets 4-18, opposite, with a gland between each pairs; 5-33.5 x 2.5-6 cm, oblong-acuminate, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, apex acute or acuminate, base obtuse or acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipules small, free, lateral, deciduous; rachis 4-18 cm long, stout, glabrous, pulvinate, with an orbicular gland at tip; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, sessile, dull yellow, in axillary globose heads; bracteole club shaped. Calyx 4 mm long, tubular, 5-toothed. Petals 5, 1.5 cm long, linear, slightly connate at base, valvate. Stamens 10, free, exserted, filaments slender; anthers tipped with a stalked gland which is early deciduous. Ovary sessile, style filiform; stigma terminal. Fruit a pod 10-15 x 5-6 cm, flat, broadly falcate, woody, compressed, dehiscent, septate between the seeds; seeds 4-10, oblong, compressed, brown, shining.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Poringal, Vazhachal, Athirapally, KFRI garden, Koruthode, Anakkalvayal, Padippara, Walayar, Nilambur, Thannithode, Perunthenaruvi, Parappa, Periyarum, Taliparamba, Ambayathode, Kannoth R.F., Dhoni R. F., Mukkali forests, Adiperanda area, Nootavan
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online